Dating the psalms
It would seem that, etymologically denoting "paragraph," it owes its signification of "psalm," "song," or "hymn" to the circumstance that it is found prefixed to the superscriptions of a number of psalms. Ley ("Die Metrischen Formen der Hebräischen Poesie," 1866; "Grundzüge des Rhythmus der Hebräischen Poesic," 1875), Bickell ("Carmina V. Nor is it true that the national spirit alone finds expression and that the perfect man pictured is always and necessarily conceived of as a son of Israel. Read in the light of the times when they were written (see Psalms, Critical View), these fanatical utterances must be understood as directed against Israelites—not non-Jews. Again, the "poor" and the "meek" or "humble," so often mentioned—"poverty" or humility being found even among God's attributes (xviii. According to Rab, the proper designation for the book would be "Halleluyah" (Midr. l.c.), because that term comprehends both the Divine Name and its glorification, and for this reason is held to be the best of the ten words for praise occurring in the Psalms. The word "tehillim" is a plural, not occurring in Biblical Hebrew, from the singular "tehillah" = "song of praise." It is thus a fitting title for the collection of songs found in the "Ketubim" or Hagiographa (the third main division of the Hebrew canon), and more fully described as "Sefer Tehillim," or the "Book of Psalms." "Tehillim" is also contracted to "tillim" (Aramaic, "tillin").—Biblical Data: In the printed Hebrew Bible the Book of Psalms is the first of the Ketubim; but it did not always occupy this position, having formerly been preceded by Ruth. 35)—are Israelites, the "servants of ," whose sufferings have evoked Deutero-Isaiah's description (Isa. The "return of Israel" and the establishment of God's reign of justice contemporaneously with Israel's restoration are focal in the eschatology of the Psalms, treated as a whole. "Moses gave [Israel] the five books of the Torah, and to correspond with them  David gave them the Sefer Tehillim, in which also there are five books" (ib.). These ten words, corresponding in number to the ten men who had a part in composing the Psalms, are: "berakah" (benediction); Hallel; "tefillah" (prayer); "shir" (song); "mizmor" (psalm); "neginah" (melody); "nazeaḥ" (to play on an instrument); "ashre" (happy, blessed); "hodot" (thanks); "halleluyah" (ib.). Ten men had a share in the compilation of this collection, but the chief editor was David (B. Thus the axis of cleavage runs between national and individual psalms. In form the Psalms exhibit in a high degree of perfection charm of language and wealth of metaphor as well as rhythm of thought, i.e., all of the variety of parallelism. His loving-kindness is the favorite theme of the psalmists. The religious interpretation of nature is the intention of many of these hymns of praise (notably Ps. Man's frailty, and withal his strength, his exceptional position in the sweep of creation, are other favorite themes. Jerome, however ("Prologus Galeatus"), has another order, in which Job is first and the Psalms second, while Sephardic manuscripts assign to Chronicles the first and to the Psalms the second place (comp. The Sefer Tehillim consists of 150 psalms divided into five books, as follows: book i. Is it the nation that pours out its feelings, or is it an individual who unburdens his soul? God's justice and mercy are the dominant notes in the theology of the Psalms. The heavens declare His glory: they are His handiwork.
(“Songs of Praise”), a curious hybrid of a feminine noun and a masculine plural ending.Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 - Two [are] better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.1 Peter 4:8 - And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.Proverbs 3:5-7 - Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding.Known in Hebrew as Tehillim (Songs of Praise), the Psalter (the traditional English term for the Psalms, from... They may also be classified according to subject matter.Thus a number of psalms have been called “royal” psalms (2, 18, 20, 21, 28, 44, 45, 61, 63, 72, 89, 101, 110, 132) because they feature the king, portraying him as both the representative of to the community and the representative of the community to Yahweh.