Bamyan in afghanistan predating european oil painting by list dating ru

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They had been carved directly into the sandstone cliffs and details were added with stucco.

This was then painted so the statues had clear faces and hands, and the folds of cloth could be seen.

Read on for a brief history of oil painting, and how different artists perfected this medium.

Scientific research performed at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility shows that the earliest record of oil paint used in cave paintings from the Afghan region of Bamiyan dates back to the fourth and ninth century, almost a thousand years before Europeans started formulating oil paint recipes in the fourteenth century.

Seen in a 2005 photo, a towering alcove in Afghanistan's Bamian Valley cliffs shows the former home of a giant Buddha statue. D., the statue was one of a pair destroyed by Taliban officials in 2001.

Researchers have found that the paint used on the Buddhas, along with murals in 12 of 50 painted Bamian caves, contained oil-based binders—the world's oldest known examples of oil paintings.

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To date, only in France discovered about 100 caves with the images, which at one time was a sensation.

Oil is used in paints to help fix dyes and help them adhere to surfaces.

It also changes a paint's drying time and viscosity.

The larger statue was a carmine red and the smaller one was multi-colored. It is thought that while the main bodies of the statues were made of sandstone, the faces had been a great wooden mask, as in photographs holes can be seen where pegs would have fit.

In March 2001, on orders from the Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, the two statues were dynamited and destroyed.

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